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For public speaking engagements, prefectures are advised to enunciate, speak clearly, articulate every word,
be expressive. What do they mean? They're referring to verbal delivery, using your voice to enhance
the meaning of you words. In this lesson, you will learn
the secrets to sounding eloquent. Vocal features include speed,
volume, inflections, and pauses. Your speed is how fast or
how slowly you talk. An effective presenter speaks
about 130 words per minute. In conversation,
we tend to speaker faster, but avoid speaking too quickly
during a presentation. The goal isn't to finish your
presentation as soon as possible. The goal is to make sure that
the audience can understand your ideas. By speaking slightly slower than you
normally do, you are helping the audience to focus on actively listening to your
message, not just hearing your voice. Of course,
your speaking rate should not be fixed. Vary it to express a range
of different emotions. When you want the audience to feel
excited, speak a little faster. When you get to something serious,
slow down accordingly. Volume is how loudly, or
how quietly your voice is. This depends on the size of the room. Your voice should clearly
reach the back of the room. Speak loudly, but never shout. That will make your audience not
want to listen to you at all. If the room is very large, there
should already be a microphone set up. Never test the mic by blowing into it or tapping it with your finger because it might create a piercing annoying sound. Just speak at your normal volume. Talk over the mic, not into it. A microphone works best when
your mouth is above it. Your mouth should be
about 2 hand widths away. Which is about 8 inches, 20 centimeters. If you're too close,
it will amplify unwanted breathing sounds. To convey meaning, and to maintain
interest, you must use inflections. Inflections are changes in pitch,
intonation, and stress, emphasis. Your words should sound like music. Some words should be at a higher pitch. Other words are lower. Stress important words by
saying the louder, stronger. If your voice is monotone,
you sound like a robot. Every word sounds the same so you're
implying and nothing you say is important. Take, for instance,
one of my favorite afrolisims, life's a journey, not a destination. Life's a journey, not a destination. Which way is easier to understand? Inflections in your voice shows more
meaning than the words themselves. Pauses also add color to your words. When introducing a new or
an important idea, pause. Chunk each sentence into several
thought groups, stand alone phrases. Silent moments give your audience
time to absorb the information. You should at least pause wherever you
would put punctuation like commas and periods. Life's a journey, not a destination. Every day is full of surprises. Compared this to, life's a journey,
not a destination. Every day is full of surprises. Pauses adds suspense and clarity, in
fact keep your sentences under 20 words. Shorter sentences
are easier to understand. When you are thinking of what
to say avoid verbal fillers. Like, you know, you know what I mean. Life's like journey not
you know a destination, everyday like is full of surprises,
sounds terrible. In this lesson, you learned about the four
main features of verbal delivery. Speed, volume, inflections, pauses. They have a significant impact
on how clear, professional, and interesting you will
sound to your audience. This is true whether English is your
first language or second language. Native English speakers
often speak too fast. Public speaking requires a slower pace
than when chatting with close friends. In addition, native speakers tend
to use too many verbal fillers, like and which makes you lose
credibility as a presenter. Silence is more effective
in creating suspense. On the other hand, nonnative speakers
may not project their voice loud enough because they worry about their accent. Remember that English is
an international language and that all accents are beautiful. Inflections, the emphasis of
important words in a sentence, is especially helpful when conveying
meaning through your beautiful accent. Anyone can improve their elocution skills. Rehearse your speech out loud, notice your mistakes and rehearse again until you sound as eloquent as you want to be.

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