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All right, you've thoroughly researched the material, and you know what you want to say. You're ready to present, right? Not yet. Many presenters spend too much
time developing their ideas and not enough time practicing. They end up sounding boring,
disorganized, unprepared. You must make time to rehearse
your speech beforehand. In this lesson, you will learn how rehearsing your
speech will improve your speaking style. Let's start with the modes of
delivery that you can choose from. There are two main methods. The first one is writing a script, which
contains every single word you will say. You can memorize the entire text,
or you can hold it and read it. An outline, on the other hand,
contains only keywords and phrases. Traditionally, the outline
is written on note cards and only the presenter sees them. Nowadays, many people use presentation
tools, like PowerPoint and KeyNote, to create slideshows that
visually stimulate the audience. For academic and profession presentations,
using an outline is by far the most popular,
you'll look like a friendly expert. The outline helps you stay organized. At the same time, there's no exact
script to follow, so it's more flexible. It's a more relaxed conversational style. To prevent your note cards from
getting mixed up, number the pages. If you'll be showing a PowerPoint
slideshow or any other type of audio visual file, arrive early and preload the
media on the computer before the event. You don't want the audience to see
you fumbling with the equipment just before your presentation. Remember that an outline consists
of short phrases without details. It is a mistake to have
too many note cards or to write too many details
on PowerPoint slides. Instead of being an outline, it essentially becomes
a script that you are reading. Of course, you can still script some things out. To make sure that they're delivered exactly the way you intended, you can memorize the hook of the
introduction and the concluding epiphany, the firework ending of your speech. It is also recommended that
you directly read quotations in order to prevent any distortion. When your notecards or
PowerPoint slides are ready, it's time for the hardest part,
watching yourself as you rehearse. What's the best way to do this? By practicing in the mirror, by recording
a selfie video with your cell phone, or by setting your camera down? The best way is to set the camera
on the floor or on a table so that you can get a full view
of yourself from head to toe. You will see yourself as
the audience will see you. If you don't have a tripod, you can
prop your cell phone up between two thick books or you can ask
a friend to hold a camera for you. It is always painful to watch
yourself on camera, but remember that doing this will
improve your speaking style. Simulate the actual location to make
rehearsing as realistic as possible. What equipment will you be using? Will there be a microphone? Try speaking behind a floor lamp, unplugged and without the shade, of course. Will you be using a projector? Maybe you can put your laptop on a bookcase. At the very least, stand up when you
are recording yourself, don't sit. We speak differently when we are standing. Is there a clock in the room? Where? If there's no clock, consider wearing a watch or leaving your cell phone on the podium
with the screen saver off. Time counts. Practice throwing secret
glances at your clock. You need to keep track of time,
but don't let the audience see, or else, they will be watching the time, too. That will make time seem
to go very slowly for them. If your speech is too long or too short,
add or delete some information. Adjust the total length until it meets
the timeframe that you are given. While watching your recording,
notice distracting mannerism, bad habits that you have. Verbal delivery is anything
related to your voice. Do you talk too quickly,
or do you say too much? Nonverbal delivery is body language. Do you touch your hair too often,
or do you move around too much? Whatever your bad habits are, fix them. In other words,
you will need to rehearse several times. First, practice at home or at the office. Record, and watch these recordings so that you can improve your timing and speaking style. If possible, arrange a final
rehearsal at the actual location. If that's not possible, arrive half
an hour or an hour before the event. Recording yourself at this
point is unnecessary. Focus on how to set up and
use the real equipment there. In this lesson, you'll learn how rehearsing your speech
will improve your speaking style. Public speaking is a skill
that requires training. Just like learning to cook or
playing soccer, practice makes perfect.

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