تجزیه و تحلیل پاسخ‌ها: سازمان منطقی

 
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Speaker 1:
Hi everyone, welcome to our second video on content in the speaking section of PTE Academic. You
recently learned how to select information from an image, or lecture, to include in your response. In this
video, you will look at how to organise this information in a logical manner.
Speaker 1:
To organise something logically means to organise information in a way that has clear and easily
understandable links between the sections, and is easy for the listener to follow. If something is illogical,
it means that the relationships between ideas are difficult to follow, and this may cause the listener to
become confused. In the speaking section of PTE Academic, speaking in a logical order is an important
skill for Describe Image and Retail Lecture item types.
Speaker 1:
Let's try an example. Firstly, listen to the example lecture and take notes. Remember, you only have 40
seconds to re-tell the lecture, so focus on the main ideas and the most important details.
Speaker 2:
Yoga is an ancient practice which is believed to have begun over 5000 years ago in Northern India.
Modern yoga has eight limbs or parts, and these include: concentration, breathing, positive duties and
moral disciplines, which result in multi-faceted benefits. The first group of benefits stems from the
physical practice of yoga, and indeed the physical benefits of yoga are extensive. Through holding the
postures, and moving and stretching in different ways, participants in yoga improve flexibility. This helps
their muscles and joints become less tight.
Speaker 2:
Yoga is also beneficial for improving muscle tone. The postures are physically demanding, and often held
for an extended period of time. This leads to a strengthening of the muscles, and this, more toning.
Another set of benefits for yoga are more mental. A full practice of yoga involves meditation, and this
practice helps center the mind, sharpen attention, and relieve stress.
Speaker 2:
An integral part of yoga practice is breathing. This can be done at the same time as the physical, asana
practice, or separately. This focus on deep and consistent breathing has a positive impact on the
parasympathetic branch of the nervous system, and can slow the heart rate and promote calmness.
Speaker 1:
How did you go? Now let's look at how Shaoling retold the lecture. Firstly, let's look at the notes that
she took when listening to the lecture. What can you notice about the notes? What order are they in?
How are the organised? You can see that the notes are in the same order as the lecture. Is this true of
your notes as well? It is a good idea to take your notes in the same order as the lecture, as this will help
your response be logical.
Speaker 1:
Shaoling also did not include all the information from the lecture; she only included the main ideas, and
the important examples and details. Now, let's listen to Shaoling retell the lecture. Pay attention to how 
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she organises her response, how does this relate to her notes, and to the lecture? Do you think that her
retelling is logical?
Shaoling:
The speaker was discussing yoga and its physical and mental benefits. He said that yoga st-started in
North India about 5000 years ago. There are eight parts of yoga. He described the physical benefits. In
yoga, people stretch their muscles and they become more flexible. Also, the pose help people to
become stronger. He also discussed the mental benefits. Meditation is key in yoga. Breathing is also able
to have a positive impact.
Speaker 1:
Can you see that Shaoling organised her retelling in the same order as the lecture? Firstly, she stated the
main topic and then moved through in order. This is a key part of responding in a logical manner. Can
you also see that Shaoling included a range of linking words, to help organise her idea? She also clearly
introduced each new idea as she moved through her response. This is a key part of organising a
response logically.
Speaker 1:
Now, listen to you recording, and think about how logically your ideas are organised. Are they in the
same order as the lecture? Have you used a range of introductory phrases and linking words to help
your organise your ideas?
Speaker 1:
In the next step, you will look at how you can logically organise your responses by taking clear notes,
and using a range of linking words.

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