استفاده از Flickr به عنوان کلاس آنلاین

 
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[MUSIC] In this episode, we look at how teachers
can use Flickr as an online classroom. Flickr is a free website that can be used
for storing and sharing of images. Lynette Zeeng uses Flickr to support her
face to face photography classes. Within the communication design and film
and television degrees at Swinburne University
of Technology. In this episode, we look at the structure
of the course. We look at why Lynette choose to use
Flickr. And how she's incorporated student
feedback and student submission into her online
teaching practice. >> I've been teaching photography for a
number of years. And it was quite important that the
curriculum remained the same. But it was taught in a way that would
benefit student, teachers and be on course in a sense with the new
age student. I looked at how I was teaching and how I
could adapt what I was doing, but to the new
technology of Flickr. We used to show each other work. And we were restricted to that group. So only the people in, in a particular
group saw a particular amount of work. But I looked at Flickr and I thought it had
the things that were suitable. It was visual. It gave me the metadata. They could comment on the visual. They could interact with each other
through the discussion board. >> Well, the main point is to upload our
own photos, but also to look at other people's work, and
to interact with other people. >> So this is my Flickr site. So when I log in it comes up with my
personal site. So, like any social network each person in
there group has their own, Flickr site. What I do each time I start new group at
the start of a semester is I give them a different name, so that I
know, which group it is. And you get a choice of having a totally
public group; a private group, where you invite the
students to participate; or semi private group where they ask to
join the group. And that's what I do. I'll go to administration just to explain
this is when once I've started my group these are all the
rules of my group. It's G-rated, so they can't put nudes up
and they can't put offensive words up or
anything like that. I make myself the administrator, which
means I'm in control of the group. So I can ban people if they're offensive or add people or basically check on
everything. The group pool. So, you can see there's 8,570 items. That means how many photographs there is
in that semester that have been put into the
pool. Further down here, there's a discussion
board, and we talk about that. That's where students can start a topic on
any photographic subject. And it can be something that's within the
curriculum or it can be something that's extending
the curriculum. So once they've started or joined the
group, then they start their own page. Which they're in control of so every time
I give them an assignment or a task, they would put 30 images up on
the main photo stream. But then, they have to start what are
called a set. And the set will have the task for that particular assignment and that will
get marked. I'll just click on the set and it shows me all the photos that she's done for that
particular assignment. And if I click on detail it gives me a
slightly bigger image of them all. So, I can quickly look at her work and see
or comment on it, if I see that there's one that
could be improved. Or if she had one that was on her Flickr,
her whole photo stream, that was better, I can email her
and go back to that. So, this particular set has already had
one comment. And I've said excellent start to the
semester so she can read the comments I've made. She might get a comment saying well, look,
you haven't really covered this part of the assignment; I
suggest that you do more. So they would Flickr mail me and say well
I've, I've taken heed of what you've said or I've gone and
done so more photographs. Can you have another look at my set? If I wanted to find out more about the
photograph and this is really helpful for me not only as a
lecturer, but also for other students. They say that is a fantastic shot, how did
you take that photo? And, if I click on More properties. It tells me it was taken on the 18th of
August at 5:41 Eastern Standard Time and it was
posted to Flickr on August 22nd. They can upload their images at any time
that suits them. They can comment on work any time that
suits them. Any interaction students do, it's dated
and timed, which is fantastic for me as a lecturer. And it gives me all the metadata that is
in the camera. So it tells me that she used, a 1/1500 of
a second, her aperture was 6.3. And all the things that as a photographer
I need to know. Another way that is really good and
helpful is if I go into my mail. For instance I've just marked Hugh's work,
and there was a problem with some of his work. He's changed sets. So rather than have to try and find him
through the student thing. I've gone it here and he said to me, I've changed my movement and depth of
field sets plus renamed the images. Which are things I've told him to do when
I've sent him the Flickr mail. And so could I have another look at
his work? He can have a look at it and see who's
commented on his work. And if he says, Oh I think I like what she
said. If he clicks on her name, it goes straight
to her site as well. So he can look at her work and then
comment on her work as well so it's fairly, connected
in that way. [BLANK_AUDIO] Since the introduction of Flickr, the
students just love it. In general terms they just think it's the
best thing and, often you get comments like, Why don't
other lecturers use it? Or this is great and well done Swinburne
for using it. >> It's, really easy to use and it's very
engaging. It means that, all the students know about
each other's work in a really easy to handle
way. >> If we are in a class of 20, I'm not
going to talk to everyone face to face. But online we're kind of bit less scared
to have our opinions and it might be more, maybe more
open to discussion. >> They feel that it benefits them and it
actually extends their ability. Their work has improved by seeing
everybody's work. And also the way that I've set it up where
I've made it compulsory for students to comment
on other student's work. They feel that the benefit has also been by the critiquing of their peers, not just the
lecturers. They love the fact that they don't have to
continually give out prints, or give me prints to look
at. And the other benefit going back here to
the students is they're not out of pocket. Nothing costs them anything except the
original purchase of their camera. So they don't have to print out images
they don't have to use chemicals all those sorts of things so
it's beneficial that way as well. I had a technician set with me for a
couple of hours and I thought, oh yes, I can do
this. And it was actually the Friday before classes started, I thought, I can't do
this. And I felt very, daunted by the prospect because I thought, I don't understand this
at all. But I persevered. [BLANK_AUDIO] I think it's important that they have the
face to face where they're learning how to use
their cameras. We go through thoroughly the tasks that
are expected of them and how to get the best out of the task that they
have to do. >> I think the combination of face to face
and online is really well managed. I think if it was purely internet-based,
it would feel really cold and odd, learning
like that. >> The first class, I sit with them, we go
through it. How to start a Flickr account, how it's all going to work, and navigate through
the site on how to make your sets, how to tell when
youre lecture is marked. So it's a very clear guidelines for them,
and for any sessions that I have on how it's all going
to work. Originally sessionals, if they wanted to
mark, would have to come into the university and pick up huge
folios of work. And I'd see them, you know, lugging folios
high or back again, looking at 25 images or more each
couple of weeks. Whereas now, they can do all that online. [BLANK_AUDIO] It just opened a whole new way of seeing and teaching photography that was
just unbeatable. So it could be used for anything that
needs some sort of visual commenting or not visual
commenting, but commenting on a visual. So in any, any area of education where
there's a need for that. [BLANK_AUDIO]

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