کلاس معکوس

00:00 / 00:00


گزارش خرابی

[BLANK_AUDIO] [NOISE]. [NOISE] I started trying to make the most
out of the face to face time with my students. I perceived that it was very valuable the
time we spend. Talking to each other, interacting in a
lab or in a lecture. And I started to schedule certain
activities and certain exercises before they took
class. And then most importantly, make them
participate in class. So I gradually started moving in that direction, and then I think the term
flipped classroom applies to that methodology,
it's just that you make it a bit more formal. And the other thing that came also into
place is that technology appear and offer you now a huge number of
tricks and techniques to engage the students before coming to
class and therefore it's much more effective I
think. Click Classroom can be adapted to a wide
variety of contexts, and even different types of education both higher, higher
education, primary, secondary, the key point here is: Can you benefit from a session in which
you are interacting with your students? And if the answer is yes in any context,
then you should explore for the classroom. In my concrete example, I teach a flipped
classroom for 300 students. And you gain students in a lecture
theater. So they are sitting there in the, in the
room. It doesn't lend itself much to group
discussion, I agree. But there are already techniques in there
that you can use to engage them. In my case for example I, I make them
vote. I give them a few options of a question,
we discuss a question, we explain it. And I'll let them first think about it in
silence so you get the the lecture theatre completely
silent with 250 students. Then they get to vote. Now voting you can do raise your hand, you
can do color cards so they all vote at the same time and you see which color is the the most frequently
appearing which. Gives you also an idea of the type of
answer you are getting. Is it a misconception? Is everybody knowing the right answer? Then I tell them to look for somebody that voted different from them and discuss or
convince each other. So if you voted A, and I voted B. Some of us is wrong, and therefore we need
to discuss. So I think the main point is, even with a
lecture theater with 300 students, you can engage
them in some discussions. You just have to be creative and come up
with a type of activities that elicit that type
of interaction with them. So what I'm showing here is an example, or
a slice of a flipped classroom course. This is week 3. And the way I went about to design this
is, first think, as I said before, what are your
objectives for the session? And I actually write in here explicitly in
terms of course that are familiar for the students, what they
should know at the end of this week. And also give precise instructions on what
you should do. Now, these two sections are common to
every week. So whenever the student looks at these
document, they know immediately what should be done and what should be
known at the end. Now, I meet with my students on three occasions, a lecture, a tutorial and a
laboratory. So let's take a look at the lecture, for
example, and the way I organize it. As you can see, very clean distinction between activities to do before the
session. Five of them. And activities to do during the
session, these are two hour sessions. So I scheduled four activities for this
two hour, roughly half an half an hour each of them. The other thing that I typically include
is a link in case they want to review or they get a sense that the material that we covered here was not
properly covered or they, they get a sense of not
performing, or not getting enough information, so they
always can click in here. And if we go look at this. They go into the official material of the
course, and they got plenty of text here. Questions, videos, additional materials,
as you can see. Take a look at this video, the length of
the video's kind of short 12 minutes. It's almost 13 minutes. The recommended length for flipped
classroom is around 8 to 10 minutes so this will be a bit
longer. The videos are done in a way that I am
writing on a white piece of paper and it's only one single
piece of paper and then I provide the link for the document that came
out of a video, so that students have access to that after they've
seen how I created this in the video. After the video, immediately after, they're
asked to answer a few questions. And these questions, as you can see they
are part of the text, we don't need to go to an assessment center
or you need to submit anything strange. You just come here, try one and grade, and
see immediately if we got it right or not. You want to try
again, you click here agiain. And if you run out of patience I
want to see the solution and then you see which one is
the correct one. So then after you obtain this information
about the engagement or the interaction with those questions you
can detect out of several topics that you plan to address in the
classroom which ones students get engaged the most and which
ones they engage the least. Or if you look at these questions, you can
even detect misconceptions. Aspects of a concept that are not clear, or that the students systematically get
the wrong answer. And therefore you go prepared to your
class and emphasize or clarify or devote more time to clarify
that specific aspect. So one of the powerful things. And I believe every teacher will relate to that, is it will help you identify
misconceptions. And misconceptions are great, because
that's the way you really improve the learning experience for
the students, when we solve them. Okay. So my way of planning a flip classroom
starts looking at the objectives that I want to achieve at the
end of the classroom. That's very important. So. This is a very delicate process so you
have to look at the end, it's a little bit
counter-intuitive because typically the way we
approach the classroom is this is the concepts that I need to
cover. My personal experience tells me that you have to approach the whole thing upside
down. It's more like look what you want to
achieve at the end of that classroom and then work
backwards. What kind of activities would be best
suited, given the fact that I can interact with the students and they participate and they
have to talk to each other, so what kind of
activities would you like to have there? Right? Now, typically for those kind of
activities you'll need some sort of basic knowledge, basic
exposure, certain notions there, and then you start working
backwards again and outlining the type of activities that
should happen before students show up in class. So that's my approach basically. Look at the end first, then look at what
you need in the face to face session, and then
look how to better support these discussions with
offline or online activities that students are supposed to do before
they come to class. [BLANK_AUDIO] So from the point of view of the technical
requirements to produce this type of material, as you can see it's
a purely HTML format. Which I think is, is the way documents
and, and the way inform, we exchange information,
is, is happening right now. So it's entirely in HTML. The type of support you need for this is a
procedure such that you create a raw material like the discussion of your description of your
activities. Figures perhaps, basic figures. And then this gets all translated into an
HTML. It's a website. This is not in a specific learning
management system. It's just a set of HTML pages. That are automatically generated from
this, initial material, and then these can be uploaded to any learning
management system. All of them support HTML documents, so I
think that's the way to, that's a good way to approach
it. Balancing the amount of work, I found personally, is one of the most difficult
things. I would even go to the point to say that 99.9 of the instructors we over
program things. So in summary for me the flip classroom is
a transition process. It puts the student in the centre. The student needs to participate, has to be
actively engaged. And I got the sense that this is the
direction we should be going in terms of teaching. We come from a scheme
in which students are too passive. And we need to move to a more, much more
participatory type of experience. Little bit friction, in my experience. There will be a little bit of reluctance
from the point of view of some students, that they
want to be left alone. But I think the justification for moving
on that direction is that the overall experience is much more efficient, much more rewarding for everybody, and
therefore is something that definitely, we all need
to be embracing. [BLANK_AUDIO]

دانلود با کیفیت بالا
دانلود با حجم کم