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[MUSIC] Words are the foundation of a langauge. Without understanding of general and
specific word meanings, you will find it difficult
to write a research paper. The process of building up
an adequate range of vocabulary is a long, and slow one. Therefore, you have to
develop effective strategies to expand your own academic vocabulary. This lesson will help you
begin thinking of ways to increase your English vocabulary for
research publications. It is not enough to simply know
a lot of words in a language. Words often have meaning in
the context in which they are used. However, there is a difference
between becoming aware of a word and remembering it. In order for words to enter your long-term
memory, you need to be exposed to them frequently and begin to use
them actively in your written text. In the previous module, we discussed how to accumulate
knowledge from different sources. From peer-reviewed journals,
subject matter books, expert opinion of famous scholars or
participations in conferences. In this video, you will learn
how to deal with new words and how to incorporate them into your writing. For now, these words will not
necessarily be technical terms. We will leave technical vocabulary for
our next videos. Here, you will practice with
non technical English words or phrases you might not normally use. As you begin reading through
academic text, you need to take notes of unfamiliar words, and
try to determine what they mean. If the book you are studying
is not a library book, or a borrowed one, you may wish to underline,
or write down your words, on the page. It is useful to create a personal
glossary for new words and their meaning and
to work actively with those new terms so that they become part of your general or
discipline specific vocabulary. To begin, I will show you how you can
practice learning new vocabulary using, for example, the text On Being
the Right Size written by Haldane who was one of the supreme
popularizers of science as well as a brilliant geneticist who helped
found the modern Theory of Evolution. Suppose you are not familiar
with the word singularly. To find out what it means, you can look
it up in Oxford Online Dictionary. Read about the meaning of the word, and listen to how it is pronounced, check out
how it has been used in published text, by taking a close look at
the examples provided. Now, all you need to do
is try to write three, or four different sentences,
using singularly in a sentence. You should develop
sentences similar to those you might use in your academic writing. Also important is that your sentence
should provide unique context for the word that cannot be replaced. For example, the word dog,
a bad sentence would be, I have a dog. The sentence is grammatically correct,
but, you can just as well as say,
I have a friend, I have a tube. Good sentence would be I go for
walks with dog and play fetch. In this sentence,
you cannot replace dog with friend or tuba as the sentence would be illogical. My examples would be this. Doing this course is a singularly
enjoyable experience, or the material for the study is singularly
extensive without being exhaustive. How would you use this word in a sentence? Challenge yourself to use the new word
at least once a day in your writing. Your usage may not be perfect at first,
don't worry, as you can always edit later. For now however, try to apply it
somewhere in an intelligible manner. How else can you learn new words? You can also develop a list of
words commonly used in your field. To create the list, choose one or
two published journal articles. Read the articles and
jot down the verbs, adjectives, adverbs, transitions and
phrases used in these publications. Preferably, choose words you
are not familiar with or words you normally do not
use in your own writing. I'd suggest you have four columns,
one for verbs, one for adjectives and adverbs, one for
transitions and one for the phrases you found particularly interesting, but
do not often use in your own writing. As an example,
I have provided the following list, and I have chosen the same text
On Being The Right Size written by Holden. Then I try to generate sentences using one
word from each of the four columns and this is my sentence. After you watch this video lecture, you can try to generate sentences
with the words from the same text, On Being The Right Size, or from any
other academic text of your choice. How you choose to format the list
of new words is irrelevant, but aim to use between four and five new words
every time you practice this exercise. Will using a new set of words everyday
really help build vocabulary? Won't it be best to practice
using a single word, several times,
in order to better remember it? These are some valid questions. Keep in mind though, the purpose of
learning words in this way is to allow your mind to become
familiar with new words, while at the same time
practicing using these words. The exercise also has the goal
of helping you make associations among the words you already know. It is almost like building
your own mental thesaurus of similarly connected words and meanings. As you add a new word to your already
existing list, your brain brings up the old list reminding you of similar
terms you have filed away in your memory. This way, you can build your own
discipline specific vocabulary.

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