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[MUSIC] All languages contain words and phrases that are commonly associated
with other words and phrases. For example, theory and
practice, cause and effect. These collocations,
words that are commonly used together, can be identified and studied. If you want to identify and learn common collocations that are used
in writing about your own research field, you need to study examples of
writing specific to that field. In this video, I will introduce a type
of a freeware concordancing program, called simple concordance
program that can help you do this in a systematic way,
a concordance. A concordancing program searches
a group of texts called a corpus for all examples of a particular search item. A concordance displays frequency,
phraseology, and collocation. Frequency lists are useful for identifying the most commonly occurring
words and phrases in target texts, such a result of and
this suggests that in academic writing. A further capability of concordance
program is revealing collocations. Thus, it may be useful for you to know that utterly occurs before
different, but not before similar. Although, the immediate left
collocates of an academic writing, are mainly nouns and
comprise a narrow range of terms, form of, terms of, case of, effect of. A concordancing program displays the
result as lines of text across the screen, with the search term
highlighted in the middle. Results can be sorted according to what is
on the left or right of the search item. And one, two, or
three words away from the search term. And this can provide data for
your language learning. If the corpus research is
specific to your research field, you can search in this way to improve
your use of discipline specific English. This is an example of what can be
learned from a conca dowsen search of a discipline specific corpus. Look at the simple concordance program
search results obtained by searching for the term membrane. Using this tool, you can easily check out the usage of
a particular word in even your writing. Let us consider, for example,
the word thickness, membrane thickness. Does this word have a plural form? Can I use the word thicknesses? To find out, you can do a search
of the discipline-specific corpus. The updated result is this. Some of these usages are different
from those found in everyday English, where thickness is almost always singular. From this example, you can get an idea
of how a single concordant surge of a discipline-specific corpus can
help you identify English usages that are specific to that discipline. Another issue that this tool can clarify is how many different words
can the word membrane be used? Quite a few. For example, it is used in noun
noun phrases both of the head word polymer membrane or as the adjective
equivalent, membrane morphology and so on. In addition, you can also compile your own glossary
of discipline-specific vocabulary. Simple Concordance Program
is a concordancing program that is freely downloadable
from the internet. The program lets you create word lists and search natural language text files for
words, phrases, and patterns. This program is a concordance and word-listing programme that is able to
read texts written in many languages. There are built in alphabets for
English, French, German, Greek, Russian and
probably many other languages. This program contains an alphabetic editor
that you can use to create alphabets for any other language. My suggestion is that you construct
a corpus, meaning body in Latin, but in this case,
a specific purpose collection of English language journal
articles from your own discipline. So that you can search for the use of words and phrases you
need in our scientific writing. This will provide data on your desktop for
your ongoing learning of the specific English phrases
and expressions used in your discipline. To be most useful, a corpus,
needs to consist of documents from your sub discipline and
of the type you're aiming to write. For example, a useful corpus for you would be 30 to 40 published articles
in your particular field of research. My suggestion is that the articles that
you're planning to use for corpus be selected from reputable peer-reviewed
journals in the field to ensure that they were written by authors using English as a
first language or at the comparable level. They cover a suitable range of
subtopics within the field, to give a good range of language usage. And they cover the required
range of types of writing, for example, including or
excluding review articles as desired. In the takeaway section, you can find the
instructions on how to prepare documents for copies using various
concordancing software programs.

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