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[MUSIC] The word can contain a myriad of
implications, connotations and attitudes, in addition to its basic
dictionary meaning. And the word often has synonyms
that differ from it solely in this shades of meaning. Therefore, in order to find the right word
to use it in any particular situation, the one, which precisely conveys the
desired meaning, and yet, avoids unwanted implications, you must carefully consider
the differences between all the options. In this video, I will discuss using
a thesaurus and the reverse dictionary. Together, these tools
are indispensable for writing role. These dictionaries will help you consider
different words for the same concept, so that you could safely avoid monotonous
repetitions and write with precision. The word thesaurus, which comes from
the Greek language, means treasure store. A most appropriate label for
this treasure over resource. A thesaurus will help
you polish your writing. A thesaurus provides equivalent terms of
synonyms for a specific word or phrase. The thesaurus contains both synonyms and
antonyms, and therefore, it is extremely helpful
to find an alternative term for your text when you want to
avoid repeating the same word. For instance, instead of writing research,
you can also write inquiry, search, pursuit, examination,
review, investigation, exploration, analysis and study. In research article, others typically
used the word indicate with reported or research findings. However, there is a number of other different options instead of this fare,
thus, you may write. The author of the article says,
indicates, comments, notes, observes, believes, points out,
emphasizes, advocates, reports, concludes, underscores, mentions,
finds, and probably many others. A reverse dictionary,
also, is a must have tool. Have you ever written a sentence in which you need a one word description for
an action? Let us consider an example
from the same text. The most obvious differences between
different animals are differences of size, but for some reason the zoologist have
paid singularly little attention to them. Using a reverse dictionary,
I can search for a one word term to use, instead, have paid singularly
little attention to. When search for paying little attention, I find this words as potential
substitutes for this long phrase. Neglected, disregarded, or ignored. So, the sentence becomes the most obvious
differences between different animals are differences of size, but for some reasons,
the zoologists have neglected them. A thesaurus, or a reverse dictionary, are tools you should routinely
have next to you while writing. When I'm editing my own work,
I have always had an online thesaurus open on my computer, and I consult
it many times during the process. But let me emphasize one important point. Use these tools only when
you are editing your work. Do not waste time consulting them while
generating, while writing sentences. It was 12 words to say
what you can say now, then later, say it with one single word. Using a thesaurus or
a reverse dictionary while creating work, writing sentences can
be counter productive. Now find a thesaurus you can use, you can
either purchase a bottle of the source, or you can use the ones
available on the Internet. You can also register in a website that sends one new word every
day to your email. Various slides offer this for free. I recommend that you sign up for two such
services, one is free, the other is not. The free service is called Vocab Vitamins,
the site offer several options, one free word a day newsletter, or a paid newsletter containing
pronunciation and practice tools. The paid service is
called VISUALTHESAURUS. It offers many services and tips that
are useful for writers of all genres. If you choose to subscribe for a modest
annual fee, you will receive one word a day in your email, along with access
to much useful information for authors. As I was preparing this video, my word
of the day arrived in my email inbox. The word was consonance,
defined as harmony, agreement, or accord. When I tried to use the term
in four different sentences, here's what I come up with. Notice, I'm trying to use the term in
sentences I would normally write in my academic journal articles or reports. It took me about several minutes to
develop these four sentences, I confess, however, it was not easy. Consonance is not a word I would
usually use in my academic writing. I would have preferred to using such
words as agreement, in line with, or variations of these terms. Nevertheless, I now know that
consonance can be a good alternative. It's fun to master new vocabulary and
deploy exactly the right word for the right phenomenon, just like having
the right tool for the right job. It is so much fun, in fact,
that we can be tempted to show off in our writing how
many polysyllabic words we know. I have learned, however,
that I should never assume my readers will know the meaning of words that
are used less often in writing. Therefore, to be safe and ensure,
your communication is crystal clear. Always take time to define
the new words you want to use. If you suspect,
some readers may be unfamiliar with them, usually a short pair emphatical
explanation will do. In the example you have had, just be sure, just to be sure readers will understand
the meaning of the word consonance. I might use it in a sentence where I'll
also use the phrase in agreement with. This way, readers can conclude
on their own that consonance and in agreement with have similar
meanings without having to define it. Once you have identified a tool you
may want to use, edit the sentences that you created using the four columns
we spoke about in the previous video. Try to find better, more precise,
more academic terms to substitute for the ones you wrote in your sentences. While choosing the words to use, avoid terms that might be
unfamiliar to most readers. If you do use an unfamiliar term,
always make it the point to define it, unless you have made the meaning
very clear from the context. Remember, that if you use
the words incorrectly, you may find yourself in
an embarrassing situation.

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