پیوستگی و انسجام

 
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[MUSIC] The text is what is read but
its textuality is how it is read. An interpretation of the text
arises in that the textuality is understood as the many
structures of the text. Textuality is a practice, through its
textuality the text makes itself mean, makes itself be, and makes itself
come about in a particular way. Because of its textuality,
the text alludes itself, defines itself, and
determines itself in particular ways. But in that, its textuality is other. The text then defines itself,
and describes itself in a texture of that work of meaning
which is not limited to the text itself. Texts are always intended
to convey meaning. The use of a text makes no sense
unless this principle is accepted. The text is always hiding something. Something of itself,
something which it is not. There is always something to be revealed,
stated, or brought to a certain visibility. The text is visible in that it offers
a narrative, discloses a world and opens up a clearing in which sounds, ideas,
rhythms and stories are made evident. But the text also tends to
hide its very textuality. It tends to cover up its meanings and
many structures. Reading only disclose the surfaces,
interpretations are required to view its meaning,
rendering its enigma to character. Textuality has seven standards. Cohesion types of semantic
markers linking ideas, a set of verbal sign posts
to guide the reader. Coherence, the writer's text world and its relation to our experience of the
phenomenal world depends less on the birth markers, more on the way situations
are described and sequenced. Issues of casuality, and time in
the construction of the text words. Intentionality, the writer's
manipulation of rhetorical devices, commands, questions and so on. The closest thing to a synonym for
intentionality is aboutness. Something exists intentionally if and
only if it is about something. While cohesion and
coherence are the logic text centered, intentionality is user centered. A text produced normally seeks to
achieve a purpose of goal, to persuade, to instruct, to request or to inform,
based on the given plan for a question. Acceptability, it refers to the text
reader's attitude to the text. Informativity, referring to the extent
to which the message of the text is expected or unexpected,
known or unknown. Situationality, referring to
the factors that make a text relevant to a particular situation. Intertextuality recognizes that all
texts contain traces of other texts. Writers may wish to omit
echoes of certain texts, though readers may pick up this and
others that they have already read. These standards underlie basic
criteria of textuality, efficiency, effectiveness and appropriateness. The difference between cohesion and
coherence is this. Cohesion is a term for sticking together. It means that the text all hangs together. Coherence is a term for making sense. It means that there is sense in the text. Hence, the term coherence
relations refers to the relations between sentences that contribute
to their making sense. Cohesion and coherence relations may
be distinguished in the following way. A coherence relation is a relation
among clauses or sentences, such as elaboration, support,
cause or exemplification. There have been various attempts to
classify all possible coherence relations, but there is, as yet,
no widespread agreement. There does not exist a general
feasible mechanism for identifying coherence relations. In contrast, cohesion relations
are relations among elements in a text, reference, ellipsis, substitution,
conjunction and lexical cohesion.

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