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[MUSIC] Literature review is an examination of
published material to understand what has already been said about a topic. Literature review typically takes
the form of an examination of scientific literature from
peer reviewed journals. The main aim of literature review is
to show that the writer insightfully evaluated the existing published
literature on a particular topic. In order for you to show that you're
familiar with the literature in the field, you need to get used to scientific
language typical of members of that field and be able to use it yourself. That is why you should spend at least
one hour a day reading the latest articles in your field of study. Oxford University suggests
the 5x5 principle. According to this principle, to develop your expertise in the field of
your research, you need to get acquainted with the so-called gold standard
accepted in the topic area. To achieve this goal,
you have to define 5 peer-reviewed journals in your field of research. 5 top 5 internationally
recognized books or collective works in your area of research. 5 top academic research centers
in your area of research and 5 most famous scholars in your narrow
field of research, and finally 5 top regular international academic conferences
covering your area of research. Apart from these options, you can accumulate knowledge in
the area of your scientific interest by reviewing some of the resources
developed by Oxford University Press. In 1995, Oxford University Press print
series, Very Short Introductions. Very Short Introductions can change
the way you think about the things that interest you, and other perfect introduction to subjects
you previously knew nothing about. The books are written in
a simple accessible language but by well known authors in
various research areas. The books can be a starting point for
writing a scientific book, especially if you are new to the topic. In 2003, Oxford University Press started
another series, Oxford Handbooks. Oxford Handbooks offer authoritative and up to date surveys of original
research in a particular subject area. Specially commissioned essays from
leading figures in the discipline give critical examinations
of the progress and direction of debates, as well as
a foundation for future research. These books provide scholars and credit
students with compelling new perspectives upon a wide range of subjects in
the humanities and social sciences. More than 200 books of this kind
have already been published. Why should you pay focused
attention to literature review and the research article? There are several reasons for this. These are some of them. It shows that the author has
a thorough understanding of the topic. Identified potential areas for research. Identified similar work
done within the area. Identified knowledge gaps that
demand further investigation compared previous figures or findings. Critiqued existing findings and
suggested further studies. A good literature review defines
the scope of the problem, places the current study in
a historical perspective and shows the relationship between previous
research and the current research thesis. Besides, it evaluates different
research methodologies and emphasizes key studies, compares and contrasts different research findings on
a topic while grouping together authors with similar conclusions and noting areas
in which authors are in disagreement. Reports gaps in the previous research and how the current study can add
to the literature in general. Concludes by summarizing
what the literature says. Critical analysis of the sources
selected is the part of the review process that provides synthesis and
constructs new knowledge. It results in a review that
is more than mirroring or what has been done previously. Failure of the reviewer
to engage critically and systematically within the sources will
likely result in a review that is a little more than an annotated
bibliography or a listing of sources. For novice researchers,
critical analysis is a difficult task, as they may feel that they cannot
critique so-called expert knowledge, but with some practice and experience they
can achieve a scholarly analysis. Before the material is selected for
review it is read in detail and critically analyzed,
sources should be scanned and sorted. At this stage,
the work with resources should serve to familiarize the reviewer
with the material selected. Then a method of tracking
each piece of literature to be included should be developed. Bibliographical software programs such as
EndNote and Biblioscope can be helpful for this purpose and many university libraries
now provide access to RefWorks or Refbase programs designed to
help manage research projects. What processing software can
also be useful for this purpose? Once a system for
tracking sources is in place, the next task is developing a systematic
means of analyzing each source. One method that has proven
effective is the chart method where each individual source is charted
according to predominated categories. This table provides an example
of literature analysis chart for research articles.

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