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[MUSIC] Once you identify
the topic of your research, you might be tempted to immediately
dive into searching that topic. However, if you do this, you will
most likely find yourself studying at the seemingly insurmountable
pile of information. Remember that it easier and
more interesting to research with a goal in mind, and
frame your topic as a research problem. A questions whose answer solves the
problem about which the audience cares. This will focus your research,
saving you time and improving the quality and
relevance of your research, as well as help you plan the product
that will result from your research. Think not what is the paper about? But what problem is this
entire field trying to solve? A research question guides and
centers your research. It should be clear and focused, as well as synthesized from multiple
sources to present your unique argument. The research question should ideally be
something that you're interested in or care about. Be careful to avoid the about
all about paper and questions that can be answered
in a few factual statements. To develop a stronger search
question from your ideas, you should ask yourself these questions. Do I know the field and
its literature well? What are the important research
questions in my field? What areas need further exploration? Could my study fill a gap or could it lead to a greater
understanding of the topic area? Has a great deal of research already
been done in this topic area? Has this study been done before? If so, is there room for improvement? Is the timing right for
this question to be answered? Is it a hot topic or
is it becoming obsolete? Would funding sources be interested? And most importantly, will my study
have a significant impact on the field? A strong research idea should pass the so
what test. Think about the potential impact
of the research you're proposing. What is the benefit of answering
your research question? Who will it help and how? There is no recipe for
the perfect research question, but there are bad research questions. So, what is a good research question? It is relevant. The question should be of academic and intellectual interest to people in
the field you have chosen to study. You should be able to
establish a clear purpose for your research in relation
to the chosen field. For example, are you filling a gap in
knowledge, analyzing academic assumptions or professional practice,
monitoring a development and practice, comparing different approaches or testing
theories within a specific population? Is it researchable within
the given period and location? You need to be realistic about
the scoop and scale of your research. The question you ask must be
within your ability to tackle. For example, are you able to access
people's statistics of documents from which to collect the data you need
to address the question fully? Are you able to relate the concepts
of your research question to the observations, phenomena,
indicators of arrivals you can access? It is original. The question should show
your own imagination and your ability to construct,
and develop research issues. It is clear and simple. The complexity of a question can
frequently hide unclear source and lead to a confused research process. A model question is likely to generate
model data and equally model analysis. A complex question does not
mean a bad question, but it can mean, it needs to be broken
down for better understanding. It is interesting. The question needs to intrigue you and maintain your interest
throughout the research. A research focus should be narrow,
not broad based. For example,
the following question is too broad and does not define the segments
of the analysis. Why did the chicken cross the road? The question does not address
which chicken or which road. Similarly, the following question could be
answered by hypothetical internet search. How many chickens crossed Broad Street
in Durham on the 6th of February, 2014? This question could be
answered in one sentence and does not leave room for analysis. It could, however,
become better for a larger argument. A more precise question
might be the following. What are some of the environmental
factors that occurred in Durham between January and February 2015 that could
cause chickens to cross Broad Street? This question can lead to the authors taking a stand on which
factors are significant and allows the writer to argue to what degree
the results are beneficial or detrimental. While all research questions need to
take a stand, there are additional requirements for research questions
in hard sciences and social sciences. That is they need to have repeatable
methods to obtain the same results. Unreliable data in the regional
research does not allow for a strong or arguable research question. In essence, the research question
that guides the sciences and social sciences should do
the following three things. Pose the problem. Shape the problem into
a testable hypothesis. And report the results of
the tested hypothesis.

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