Annotated Bibliography

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[MUSIC] What is an annotated bibliography? An annotation is more than just
a brief summary of an article, book or other type of publication. An annotated bibliography provides
a brief account of the available research on a given topic. It is a list of research sources that
includes concise descriptions and evaluations of each source. How is an annotation
different from an abstract? While an abstract also summarizes
an article, book, website, or other type of publication,
it is purely descriptive. Although annotations can be descriptive. They also include distinctive
features about an item. Then, what is annotated bibliography? An annotated bibliography is an organized
list of sources, like a reference list. It differs from a straightforward
bibliography in that each reference is followed by a paragraph length annotation,
usually 100 to 200 words in length. An annotated bibliography might review
the literature of a particular subject, demonstrate the quality and
depth of reading that you have done, exemplify the scope of sources
available just such as journals, books, web sites and magazine articles. Highlight sources that may be of
interest other readers or researchers. Explore and organize sources for
further research. You need to consider carefully
the text that you select for your annotated bibliography. Keep the full length questions in mind
to help you clarify your choices. What topic or problem am I investigating? What question or questions am I exploring? Identify the aim of your
literature research. What kind of material am I looking at and
why? Am I looking for journal articles, reports, policies or
primary historical data? Am I being judicious in
my selection of texts? Does each text relate to my research
topic or assignment requirements? What are the essential or
key texts on my topic? Am I finding them? Are the sources valuable or
often referred to in other texts? There are two major types of annotated
bibliographies, descriptive or informative, and analytical or critical. A descriptive or informative
annotated bibliography describes or summarizes a source as does an abstract. It describes why the source is useful for researching a particular topic or
question, its distinctive features. In addition, it describes
the author's main arguments and conclusions without evaluating
what the author says or concludes. Please pay attention to the last sentence,
while it points out distinctive features about the item, it does not
analyze the author's conclusions. An analytical or critical annotation
not only summarizes the material, it analyzes what is being said. It examines the strength and weaknesses in what is presented,
as well as describing the applicability of the authors' conclusions to
the research being conducted. Please pay attention to the last sentence. If criticizes the authors' research. Now you're ready to begin writing
your own annotated bibliography. Choose your sources, so before writing your annotated
bibliography, you must choose the sources. This involves doing research just like for
any other project. Locate records to materials
that may apply to your topic. Then you need to review the items. Then, you review the actual items and choose those that provide a wide
variety of perspectives on your topic. Article experts are helpful
in this process. Then you need to write the citation and
annotation. When writing your annotation, the complete
citation should always come first and the annotation follows. Depending on the type of annotated
bibliography you are writing, you will want to include either the purpose of
the work or summary of its content. For what type of audience the work is
written, its relevance to the topic. Any special or unique features
about the material, the strengths, weaknesses, or biases in the material. Remember, the citations
themselves must be formatted properly according to either APA,
MLA, or Chicago Style, for example. What does an annotated
bibliography look like? Content over annotated bibliography, an annotation may contain all or
part of the following elements, depending on the word limit and the
content of the sources you are examining. Provide the full bibliographic citation. Indicate the background of the authors. Indicate the content or scope of the text,
outline the main argument, indicate the intended audience, identify
the research methods if applicable, identify any conclusions
made by the author or the authors,
discuss the reliability of the text. Highlight any special features
of the text that were unique or helpful, charts or graphs. Discuss the relevance or
usefulness of the text for your research. Point out in what way the text relates to
the themes and concepts in your article. State the strength and
limitations of the text. And present your view or
reaction to the text. This is a sample of
an annotated bibliography. In the sample annotation
each element is marked.

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