تامل در سخنرانی دوره

 
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Reflecting on the course: Takeaways. In this course, you've heard many
ideas about academic discussions. And you've seen many images and
heard a lot of analogies. Let's bring it all together and
reflect on the main ideas that are most important to remember
when you're having an academic discussion. In the last lessons you learned
the importance of wrapping up a discussion with some takeaways, organized conclusion
that are easy to remember and share. Now let's reflect on
the takeaways of this course. In our lessons we've often compared
having an academic discussion to building a house. First, lay a good foundation by preparing. Create a welcoming space for everyone. Collaborate, support your
ideas by elaborating. Stay focused on your goals and
wrap up your ideas at the end. First, let's focus on the foundation. We talked about this in several videos. Before you have a conversation,
be sure to prepare. We discussed some different ways
to prepare by doing research, and by taking notes and recording your
personal reactions to any reading you do. This will give you background knowledge. Buildings collapse if there
isn't a strong foundation. And your discussion could do this too if
you don't build your background knowledge beforehand. After you prepare for your discussion and
meet your conversation partners, create a warm and welcoming space in which
your discourse community can thrive. Your focus should be on making everyone
feel included and comfortable. First, create the right physical
space by sitting in a circle. Also, be sure to keep a balance. Don't dominate the conversation or
stay silent. As we mentioned many times, a conversation is about listening
as much as it is about speaking. And finally, if you want to disagree
with someone, help them save face. Remember to always focus on building
the sense of community in the group. Don't tear it down with
a confrontational attitude. Next, we often mention
the word collaborate. Collaborating is working together
to build or achieve something. Much like a soccer team or
a group of rafters. It is not like a game of singles tennis. You're not competing to prove
your superiority over the others. In a conversation, you work together
to build on each other's ideas. This strengthens the spirit of the group. Okay, so we have the foundation,
the background knowledge and preparation, the warm welcoming space,
and collaboration. The next step is to focus on
supporting your ideas by elaborating. Let's do a quick review. So when you share your own ideas, you want to support them
with plenty of evidence. Don't offer skimpy comments. Support and
explain your ideas well with facts and statistics, anecdotes,
analogies, and hypotheticals. And go deep with your comments and
questions. Use critical thinking statements and question frames to bring
in more interesting ideas. Another very, very frequently
referred to idea in this course was focusing on a goal or
objective during the discussion. Without a goal for your discussion,
it's extremely easy to get off track. Together you're building a conversation. So you need to have a blueprint or a plan
for where this discussion will lead. Without a clear goal to guide your way,
your discussion will easily go out of bounds and
people will start to speak off topic. Before you speak, think. Does my comment contribute to
the goal of this conversation? Finally, don't forget to wrap
up your ideas at the end. Many discussions end without ever
having reached any sort of consensus. Instead, we want to organize
the ideas in a neat way, so that we can remember and
easily share them. The first step to bring together a
conversation at the end is to synthesize, or organize the ideas, so that it's
easy to see the take away message. You should also reflect on your goals,
to be sure that you met them. And finally decide on some action points,
or next steps after the discussion. So, let's review the main tips for
having a successful discussion. Prepare, create a warm space, collaborate,
elaborate, focus on a goal and wrap it up. If you follow these tips, your discussions
will always be polished, focused and efficient and
will end with some concrete takeaways. You'll be more likely to have an enjoyable
experience that may actually change your whole way of thinking about an issue. Good luck, and
enjoy your next academic discussion.

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