سخنرانی واژگان

 
00:00 / 00:00
1.8x
1.4x
1.0x
0.7x
HD SD
HD
SD
اشتراک‌گذاری

×

گزارش خرابی

The more words you know,
the bigger your world is. For example, if you only had
one word in your vocabulary for the color blue you'd probably only have
one concept connected to that word. You wouldn't have the possibility
to communicate the great variety of all the hues of blue. Knowing the terms for these various
hues of blue gives you the ability to communicate different moods to
describe scenery in more detail and to differentiate small discrepancies
between similar objects. The more words you know,
the more complex your ideas can be. In addition, knowing more words
allows you to speak more fluently and makes it easier for
others to understand what you want to say. This specific situation of
the classroom discussion has specific academical
vocabulary that's commonly used. In this lesson, I would like to introduce
you to three general categories of Academic Vocabulary and how they can
help you communicate more fluently and clearly in your group discussions. One type of academic vocabulary that's risk studying is
the New Academic Word List. This updated list was revised in 2013. The new academic word list is
a list of the most frequently used words from a corpus of academic journals,
non-fiction, student essays, and
conversation in academic settings. There are 936 words in this list. By becoming familiar with
the words on this list, you will greatly increase your chances
of understanding academic texts, lectures, and conversations, and
you'll have greater flexibility in how you express your ideas as you
respond in academic discussions. A spreadsheet of the new academic word
list is available for you to download. You could become more familiar
with these words by using some free tools that you have access to online. Information about how
to access these tools are at the top of the academic
word list spreadsheet. A second important type of academic
vocabulary is the multi-word expression. A multi-word expression is two or more words that are strung together to
have a single meaning, or single function. Take for example, the expression,
high expectations. This expression means to
believe that an individual or a group can and
will achieve some sort of high standard. To convey this meeting, it will be
strange to say, tall expectations, or big expectations,
or large expectations. Although tall, big, and large are synonyms,
they are very often use interchangeably. In other words, many times multi-word expressions
cannot be logically figured out. They need to be memorized and learned. Some say that multi-word expressions are one of the most important
components of language. Studies have concluded that
multi-word expressions account for at least 20% of all spoken language and
up to 66%. These word chunks are used all the time. By learning these expressions, you can
improve your comprehension, increase your fluency, and become more native-like
in how you communicate in English. Some various types and different terms for the multi-word expressions include idioms,
collocations, phrasal verbs, lexical bundles,
lexical phrases, phrasal expressions,
multi-word units, multi-word chunks, fixed expressions,
sentence frames, frozen phrases, routine formulas, chunks and
formulaic language. I would like to introduce two specific
types of multi-word expressions, academic collocations and sentence frames. Academic collocations are words that
go together to convey one meaning. Like the example we discussed,
high expectations. Can you create common collocations
from the following words? Are these the collocations
that you created? If so, great job. Throughout this course you can
continue to quiz yourself on academic collocations through
exercises that we've created for you. A second type of multi-word
expression is the sentence frame. Sentence frames are groups of words that
have a single function such as agreeing or disagreeing with someone or paraphrasing what a group member
has said or requesting evidence. Sentence frames give structure
to the conversation and allow you to have more
clarity in a conversation. Can you think of some sentence
frames that are commonly used to ask someone to clarify what he or she has
just said because it wasn't clear to you? Did you think of some of these? >> So, are you saying that
GM foods should be banned? >> What do you mean when you say
that GM foods are dangerous? >> You lost me. Could you explain that again? >> I don't know what you mean when you're
saying that there isn't enough research. How much research do you need
in order to be convinced? >> Can you explain that last part again? >> I'm sorry, I don't quite
understand what you're saying. >> A third type of academic vocabulary is the vocabulary that's specific
to your field of study. You should make yourself
familiar with vocabulary that is central to the themes and
concepts in your studies. These are the key terms in your
text book and in your lectures. Make your world bigger by extending
your knowledge of academic vocabulary.

دانلود با کیفیت بالا
دانلود با حجم کم