گوش دادن به معارفه

00:00 / 00:00


گزارش خرابی

The introduction, what needs to be written down? By the end of this lesson, my hope is that
you will be able to tell the difference between important information
in the introduction, that you need to put into your
notes that pertain to the lecture. And other information that does not have
to be written into the lecture notes, because it's one,
either not related the lecture or two, the information's related to the lecture,
but it isn't necessary to write down. So, what kinds of information
are found in the introduction? One kind of information
is house-keeping items. House-keeping items are information
about the class that's not related to the lecture. For instance, a professor might
give his or her office hours. He or
she might tell you the dates of an exam. You might be told
the expectations of the class, when you should ask questions,
how much homework you should have, where you can get your book,
what's going to be posted online, etc. And lastly, he or
she might give the class feedback on prior tests or
how you are doing in class, etc. These house-keeping items should not
go in your lecture notes, however, they are important so, perhaps you put
them in other places such as a calendar, but not in your lecture notes. Another type of information
found in introduction, the hook. The main purpose of a hook
is to grab attention and the interest of the audience. A hook is often related to lecture, but it
is not usually necessary to write it down. A hook may be a story that's related
to the topic, an interesting fact. Perhaps it's a quotation that gets
the audience thinking more deeply about the topic. It could be a shocking statistic. Or maybe it's just review from a past lecture or from the reading homework. Or it could be a chance for
students to ask questions. A final type of information that's
given in an introduction is important information. This is the part of the lecture
that you need to be awake for. You need to listen for
the topic of the lecture. Knowing the topic of the lecture gives you
the glue to stick all the main ideas to. The topic should unify all the main
ideas that are presented in the lecture. You also need to listen for
the organization of the lecture. That is, the main points that
will be covered in the lecture. Speakers don't always provide the main
points that they will present, but they often do. This gives you the big picture of
what you'll need to take notes on. It prepares you for what to expect. So how do you know what the topic and
the organization are when you hear them? The most straight-forward
way to detect the topic and the organization is to listen for
language cues. >> [INAUDIBLE] practice module one. >> Listen to some clips of professors
introducing the topics of their lecture. Write down the language
cues that they use. >> So this lecture is about energy and
the sun. >> So we're going to spend today, and we're going to spend Thursday
talking about carbohydrates. >> So today we'll talk about
memory systems and amnesia. >> So what we're going to
do today is continue on here in our sort of whirlwind
trip through social psychology. >> I'm going to give you a very
brief overview of how life on Earth has differed over
the history of our planet. >> These are the language cues that
were used in the clips you just heard. The topic is not usually
difficult to identify. You just have to pay attention and
listen for it, so you can write it at
the top of your paper. It's common for speakers to clearly
state what the topic of the lecture is. You have to listen more carefully
to figure out what the main points are going to be,
if they're mentioned at all. A listing of main points
is a common way for professors to state
the organization of a lecture. Sometimes, but not always, how those
main points are organized is mentioned. Main points can be organized in different
ways, such as in order of importance. In the order of time,
by the strength of an argument, if there is something being debated,
and by cause and effect. In this video, we've talked about what
kinds of information are typically in an introduction to a lecture, and what information should be
written in your lecture notes. And what information shouldn't be. House-keeping information
can be important and should be written in your calendar,
not necessarily in your lecture notes. The purpose of the hook is to
capture the learner's attention and usually doesn't have vital information
that will need to be remembered. The important information that you need to
include in your notes, is the topic and the organization,
which is most often a list of main points.

دانلود با کیفیت بالا
دانلود با حجم کم