متد یادداشت‌برداری Cornell

 
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In order to take effective lecture
notes you have to have a systematic method of taking notes. In this video, we're going to talk
about the Cornell note-taking method. The purpose of note taking is to
create a record of information that you received verbally from
the professor in a lecture. Your notes should include the topic,
the main ideas or the main points and any of the important details
that support those main points. With good notes, you should be able to
summarize the content of the lecture, days, weeks, months or even years after
the actual lecture has taken place. There's not just one way
to take lecture notes, many people these days are taking
digital notes in their computers. Grant research, however, states that
if you take notes the traditional way with pen and paper, you're more likely
to retain the information longer. If you take notes by hand there's
still many different options of how you write the information
down on paper. Some students use mind maps
to illustrate their ideas and to visually connect them with arrows and
lines. Some more artistic people
can draw pictures and illustrate their notes in a memorable way. Some professors make power
points notes available for students before class ,so
students can print them out and take notes right next to
the slide that they see in class. In this course, as mentioned before, we will be practicing notes using
the Cornell note-taking method. This is a system that's been around
since the 1950s and it continues to support students in really deeply
learning the content of the lecture. To begin, you'll need a regular 8 and
half 5 by 11 sized paper, you'll need to divide your paper in
the 3 special sections as shown here. Your notes should be labeled at the top,
with the topic, the person who is speaking, your name,
the class and the dates. If you would like to use a premade
template I've made these available for you. Step one is taking notes, the big white
section is where your notes will go. The first step of the Cornell method
is to take notes during the lecture. I have a few tips for you,
first use as few words as possible, you should never take
notes with full sentences. Use note-taking shortcuts to write
a little more quickly, some examples of some shortcuts are using abbreviations and
symbols instead of writing out the words. As mentioned, you need to indent so that the supporting details
are underneath the main ideas. And lastly skip lines and
don't try to squish your words together, use the spaces so it's legible,
you can read it afterwards. Also leave lots of space so you can
add information later, step two, cues. You'll write down your cues in this green
section, you'll fill out this column after the lecture either during class or
later in the afternoon. Cues could include main ideas,
study questions, key vocabulary or important phrases
mentioned during the lecture, questions either for the professors or
for your classmates. The importance of this section
is that students create cues to help them review the most
important parts of the lecture. Then students should use those cues,
cover up the notes section, and recite, and
see if they remember what the vocabulary, what the key vocabulary means, and
if they can answer the study questions. Step three, summary, the third step is to write a summary from your lecture
notes in the blue box at the bottom. Write the main ideas in a complete
thought, this should be done ideally for homework on the same day as the lecture. By writing a summary you're reflecting
on and reviewing the main ideas. This section should be written again,
in complete sentences, and should answer questions such as,
why is this information important? Or how is this information related
to what we been studying in class? Or what conclusions can I
make from this information? The importance of this step is
to encourage you to reflect and review on material. Which according to research is the best
strategies to remember information for an extended amount of time. Reviewing the five R's of note-taking,
step one, record your notes. Step two, reduce those notes into cues, the main idea,
study questions, vocabulary. And once you have those cues, recite the
notes as well as you can without looking, see how much you can remember. The third step is the summary
where you're reflecting thinking about the information and
reviewing it once again. Here is a student example of the Cornell
note-taking method, you'll have an opportunity as well to create notes in
this method at the end of each module.

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