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Hi, I'm Ellen. In this video,
I'm going to look at the three-part essay. The three-part essay is a writing
format that consists of introduction, body and conclusion. If you've been asked to write an essay and
you haven't had any further instructions about structure, then the three-part
essay is where you should begin. It is in fact the basis of
all types of formal writing. You might wonder why you need to follow
a strict format in your essay writing. Perhaps you wish instead that
you could be more creative. Well, since academic writing aims at
presenting and discussing facts and research-based results to an audience
already interested in the topic, clarity and trustworthiness are more
important ingredients than the kind of attention grabbing features that you
will find in a piece of fiction, or perhaps a newspaper article or
advertisement. Academic writing, as well as reports in the corporate world,
differ from fiction in a number of ways. You're not writing a novel
with narrative twists and turns that enhance
the element of surprise. Academic audiences don't like surprises. Any piece of academic writing
in the formal register will have an anticipated structure, and readers
will know from the outset what to expect. In other words, the transparency of text
structure enables writers to efficiently communicate their discussions and
their results to their readers. Let's now have a closer look at the three
elements of the essay, the introduction, the body, and the conclusion. The introduction is
the first part of the essay. Its function is to present the topic
of the text to the reader, and more specifically to raise a question and present the claim that
will be made in the essay. This is often referred to as
the research question, and the claim, the thesis statement. There are two distinct types of
information that you need in an introduction. Firstly, you need to provide
some kind of background and contextual information
to frame the discussion. And secondly, the argument that you're
making in the essay has to be introduced. This means that the introduction is
the place where you, as a writer, will have to pinpoint what your argument
will be, and equally important, state how you will present it. Some kind of mapping statement
is helpful to the reader. This is a blueprint of the essay outline
that will give the reader a preview of what you will present. After the introduction comes the main
part of the essay, the body. Depending on the length of the essay, the body will consist of
a number of paragraphs or, in the case of a longer essay, of a number of sections
divided into paragraphs. Regardless of whether the essay is short
or long, the body of the essay is where the discussion takes place, and
where the results are presented. The structure of the body of the essay
depends on the kind of argument you present and, of course, on the type
of analysis carried out in the essay. The body of the essay will also differ in
appearance depending on your discipline. A common format for scholarly text
is the so called IMRaD structure. IMRaD stands for introduction,
method, results and discussion. Here the body of the essay consists of
methods, results and discussion parts. The last part of any
essay is the conclusion. This is where you sum up your argument. No new facts, results or
ideas should be introduced at this stage. Although you could point out topics or
angles for further possible studies. Conclusions are usually rather brief,
perhaps one or two paragraphs in a short essay. Perhaps you've also heard
of the 5-paragraph essay. The classic so-called 5-paragraph essay
consists of 1 introductory paragraph, 3 body paragraphs, and
a concluding paragraph. So, as you can see, this type of essay format is just one
form of the three-part essay structure. Longer essays,
such as bachelor degree essays and masters theses, use the extended
version of this same format. However, in these cases, you'll find that you'll need to divide
your discussion up into sections. Structure-wise, a longer text
is thus similar to a shorter one. Each section will be structured according
to the three-part format, including an introductory passage, a body where
the argument and analysis will be found, and a concluding passage, which will also
provide a transition to the next section. [MUSIC]

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