املا و اشتباه چاپی

 
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Hi there. This is Satu again, and
in this video I'm going to talk about proofreading your essay for
spelling mistakes and typos. In academic writing, you're usually told
to use standard spelling which means that you should spell all the words like
they're spelled in a dictionary. You shouldn't be tempted to try out
any novel spellings that are common in text messages and
other informal situations, as they're not part of
formal academic register. It's equally important for both native and
non-native speakers of English to check the spellings of words in a dictionary to
avoid unnecessary confusion and mistakes. It's not at all unusual actually, that
an author consults a dictionary a hundred times or more when writing just
a short essay of say 2,000 words. For many words, you can find more than just one spelling
when you look them up in a dictionary. There are words like labour and
kerb, for example, that are spelled differently in
British English and American English. The spelling you choose may be regulated
by the instructions you have received from your teacher, or you may have a separate
style sheet that tells you what to do. If the writing assignment doesn't come
with instructions by spelling conventions, then it's usually up to you to choose
the system that feels most natural to you. But once you've selected a system, it's
important that you use it consistently throughout the essay and
don't switch back and forth between different systems because
this makes the text look unprofessional. When you proofread your text for
spelling mistakes and typos, it's a good idea to also make
use of automatic spell checkers. These are useful tools as they can catch
a number of problems that you wouldn't otherwise see yourself; writers tend to become a bit
blind to their own mistakes. But you should never rely on a spell
checker to do the job for you. Many spelling mistakes and typos make the word look like some
other existing word in English. And those mistakes aren't usually caught
by the spell checker. If you mean to write "tip" and accidentally write "rip", then this
mistake isn't caused by the spell checker. To be able to catch this, you need to proofread your text properly
yourself, both while you're writing and after you've finished writing and
have the complete essay in front of you. As it is a well known fact
that authors tend to become blind to their own mistakes; their eyes see "tip" even when
the texts really reads "rip". It's often helpful to
set the essay aside for few days if you possibly can and
then come back for a final round of proofreading, so you'll
be able to see your writing with new eyes. Although spelling mistakes and
typos may seem like a small problem, they can get in the way of understanding
if there are lots of them. This, by the way, is something that you'll
need to think of also when you hand in intermediate drafts of your essay
to your supervisor for commenting. The supervisor may be so
overwhelmed by the surface errors that they won't be able to focus
on the contents of your essay, in other words on the important
stuff in your writing. They may also be a bit annoyed by the fact
that you're using them as proofreaders, as that's not something that
supervisors are expected to do. Spelling mistakes and typos can also reflect negatively on your
readers attitude to you, the author. If your final essay still contains
a number of spelling mistakes and typos, the target reader may think that the
contents of your essay are also sloppy. In other words,
having a lot of spelling mistakes and typos can make the audience
doubt your skills and abilities as a researcher, and
it can make them reject your arguments and reasons and evidence that you
have presented for your argument. [MUSIC]

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