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گزارش خرابی

Being able to describe mechanisms
precisely and accurately and at a level and
in a way that the reader needs and can understand is perhaps the most
essential skill of technical writing. This skill is particularly
particularly important for those who produce documents involving
specification and instructions. Mechanism description documents are built
around precise descriptions of size, shape, color, finish,
texture, and material. And they can be written for
a wide range of audience competencies. Very often such documents include figures,
diagrams, or photographs that help to
clarify the worded description. Some descriptions, for
example components of space systems, might require additional
attributes such as weight or mass. In most specialized mechanism description, the functional mechanism
description describes a mechanism with key physical attributes
related to operating parameters. This type of description which often
includes specific operational standards can be used to provide specifications for
this mechanism. Here is a model for
a general description of a mechanism. In the introduction,
you need to define the mechanism with the technical definition and
add extensions to discuss any theory or principle necessary for
the reader to understand the description. Be careful here. Think about what you are doing,
for whom you are doing it, and why you are doing it. To not lose sight of
the reader's knowledge and skill level or
forget the purpose of the report. The goal is not to show how smart you are
but rather to communicate the information. So when you're discussing theory and
mechanism description, a good rule is to do what is necessary but
only what is necessary. Always make sure you add only what
the reader needs for the purpose at hand. If the reader does not need any theory or
operating principles, do not provide any. Afterwards, you need to describe the
mechanism's overall function or purpose. Then you describe the mechanism's overall
appearance, for example shape, color, material, finish, texture, mass,
weight and or size if necessary. Finally you list the mechanism's parts, In order in which you to
intend to describe them. This listing is
an organizational blueprint for the remainder of
the mechanism description. Consequently, the decision
regarding the order in which to list the mechanisms
parts is not trivial. It effectively determines the structure
for the rest of the mechanism description. There are two types to order the parts,
spatially and functionally. Using a spatial organization,
you can move from left to right, or top to bottom, or inside out, inside in. Using a functional approach, you can order the parts in terms of how
the parts function with one another. Functionally, for
example you could starts with the leads, which connect their circuits,
the common element. Remember the example in the previous
visual lecture, the 33-kilohm, 1-watt carbon resistor is a device that
impedes the flow of electric current, which is protected by the casting and
the round which the carbon bands are painted to indicate resistance and
tolerance values. Using this approach you might write
the final sentence of the introduction as follows. The resistor consists
of the following parts. Two wire leads, the carbon element,
the casting, and the color bands. Or if you are using for example,
an insight out spatial approach, the final sentence of
the introduction might read this way. The resistor consists
of the following parts, the carbon element, the wire leads,
the casting, and the color bands. Both approaches are fine,
as long as they're logical and made sense to the reader. In any case once the parts
have release it, move on to the discussion section where a detailed
descriptions of the parts are provided. If when writing the body of the paper, you decide to change the order in
which the parts are discussed, be sure to also change the order in which
the parts are listed in the introduction. However, you need to describe each part. First, define the first part
with a technical definition, adding extensions as needed to deal
with theory or operating principles. Then describe the part's
overall function or purpose. Describe its shape, color, material,
finish, texture, and size. As well as any other physical attributes
appropriate for the mechanism and its function using precise measures and
descriptors. Also be sure to use figures,
diagrams and photographs as necessary. For each remaining part, repeat
the pattern of defining and describing. The final section of the mechanism
description serves two purposes. It briefly summarizes
the mechanism's function and it provides a sense of
finality to the document. Include a sentence that by tone and content indicates to the reader that
the mechanism description is complete. Together these parts form one
of the most commonly used circuit components and
electric systems today. This final sentence tells
the reader not to look for anything else,
because the document is ending. It is a courtesy to the reader.

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