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When you conduct secondary
research you are trying to learn what experts have to say about the topic. Your goal is to acquire the best
available information, the most accurate, the most unbiased,
the most comprehensive, and most current. Today, most technical information
is described not only in print but also through digital media
accessible on the Internet. You will probably use information
published in four major media. Print, books, journals, reports, and other
documents will continue to be produced in print because printed documents
are portable, and you can write on them. For documents that do not need
to be updated periodically, print remains a useful and popular medium. To find printed documents, you will
use online catalog, online databases. Most libraries, even many public libraries
subscribe to services such as LexisNexis, ProQuest, INFOTRAC,
Gale Virtual Reference and ERIC, that provide access to large
databases of journal articles, conference proceedings,
newspapers, and other documents. Websites, the good news is that
there are billions of pages of information on the web. The bad news is that there are billions
pages of information on the web. Still, if you search effectively and
efficiently, you can find reference materials, such as dictionaries,
encyclopedias, that do not exist in print. Online versions of magazines and journals with extra features
not present in print versions. Conversion calculators and
other statistical software. Current survey data, animations,
audio and video podcasts, and many other kinds of information. Social media, this is a broad term
combining several kinds of media, all of which include
user-generated content. A discussion board is an online
discussion that readers contribute to by posting messages. All of the posts on a thread
are presented together, usually in reverse chronological order. There is a tremendous amount of
information in the different meteor. The trick is to learn how
to find what you want. There is at least six
basic research tools. Online catalog. An online catalog is a database of books,
microform materials, films, CDs, photograph records and
other materials. In most cases, an online catalog lists and describes the holdings of one particular
library or a group of libraries. To search for
an item consult the instructions, which explain how to limit your
search by characteristics, such as types of meteor,
date of publication and language. The instructions also explain
how to use punctuation and words such as, and/or and
note to focus your search effectively. Reference works. Reference works include
general dictionaries and encyclopedias, bibliographic dictionaries, almanacs, atlases and
dozens of other research tools. This print and online works are especially
useful when you are beginning your research project because they provide
an overview of the subject and often list the major works in the field. Periodical indexes. Periodicals are excellent sources of
information because they offer recent, authoritative discussions
of specific subjects. The biggest challenge in using periodicals
is identifying and locating the dozens of articles relevant to any particular
subject that are published each month. Although only half a dozen major journals
might concentrate on your field, a useful article could appear in one
of hundreds of other publications. A periodical index, which is a list of articles classified
according to title, subject, and author, can help you determine
which journals you want to locate. There are periodical
indexes in all fields. The following prefix will give you
a sense of the diversity of titles. You can also use a director
research engine. Many directory categories include
a subcategory called journals or periodicals listing online and
printed sources. Once you have created a bibliography
of printed articles you want to study, you have to study them. Check your libraries online catalog, which includes all the journals
your library receives. If the library does not have an article
you want, you can use this technique for searching it. Document delivery service,
which is a free database of 8 million articles and 12,000 periodicals. Newspaper indexes. Many major newspapers around
the world are indexed by subject. The two most important index
newspapers are the following. The New York Times,
perhaps the most reputable newspaper for national and international news. And The Christian Science Monitor, in
other highly regarded general newspaper. Many newspapers available on the web
can be searched electronically, although sometimes there is charge for
the archive article. So you need to pay for using the articles
or downloading the articles. Keep in mind that the print version and the electronic version of
the newspaper can vary greatly. If you wished to quote from
an article in a newspaper, the print version is the preferred option. Now that you have down
your secondary research, the challenge is to find information
that is accurate, unbiased, comprehensive, appropriately,
technical, current, and clear. The most difficult kind of material to
evaluate, is user generated content from the Internet, because it rarely
undergoes the formal review procedure, the formal review procedure used for
books and professional journals. A general principle for using any
information you find on the Internet is to be extremely careful
because content is unlikely to have been reviewed before
being published on a social media site. Use one or more trusted sources to
confirm the information you locate.

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