دستورالعمل‌ها

 
00:00 / 00:00
1.8x
1.4x
1.0x
0.7x
HD SD
HD
SD
اشتراک‌گذاری

×

گزارش خرابی

These are probably the most familiar
of all the types of reports. Students often write backup procedures for
the jobs they do at their work. Others write short user manuals for
an appliance, equipment, or program. If there's too much to write about,
they write about some smaller segment. For example, instead of instructions
when using all of WordPerfect, just a guide on writing
macros in WordPerfect. Being able to think through and
write clear instructions is a valuable skill at school,
a lab report or engineering project. At work, a technical manual or
instruction for a device. There is some important steps that
you need to follow while preparing instructions, or writing instructions. You need to know exactly
how to do the task. You might be very familiar with
the steps of the process before you can write instructions. That means you know how to do this,
you are not guessing or reading someone else's ideas. You have done this yourself. Plan how to write the steps in order. Instructions are written in
small increments, manageable tasks that are clear,
easy to follow to completion. You must know what is done first,
second, third and so on. Write instructions beginning with a verb. Here, write,
the reader must do something each time. Write each step as a small piece, that means each step should be small,
a baby step in the whole process. It should be easy to read at once,
and then turn and do it right away. It shouldn't contain multiple
things to do at the same time. Include warnings as pre-steps,
if it's critical that something be done or not be done before something else, write
it as a step to do before the next step. For example, check or close the drain plug must be
a step before add oil to the tank. Write the steps logically in order. Do not depend on the reader
going down the page and reading all the tips and
lines before beginning to do the process. Or the reader go into read all the fine
points in small print before starting, include each point in its own
step that begins with a verb. Review and
edit your instructions carefully, makE sure your writing is complete and
correct. Express steps in the positive, it's more preferable to say do
something rather don't do something. For example,
instead of staying don't forget the salt, write add salt when the eggs boil. Avoid expressing opinions,
preferences, or choices. Instructions are not
about what might happen, what someone could choose or
what you personally prefer. Instructions are factual statements
that give an action to perform. Options can be explained in
another section of the document. Minor choices can be stated with an or
statement. For example, you can write add chili,
tobacco sauce, or pepper flakes, but you might not want to make it
too spicy, is not an instruction. Know how to begin the process. This might include gathering
needed materials or supplies, or laying out a work area. You must explain this first. Know what the end result looks like or
does. You have seen the result,
a baked cake or a radiator installed, a bicycle put together,
the web page changing color, and so on. You must make sure the reader
will end up with the same result. There are some useful tips for
preparing instructions. Instructions are not about
personal beliefs or opinions, no one will follow your
instructions if your rationale is, I like this or just try it and
see, or good luck. Instructions are factual,
they are not encouragement. Do not start sentences with present
participles, verbs ending in -ing. Starting sentences with
the present participle usually makes the sentence awkward and
the meaning less clear. Maintain logical sequences
in presentation. Allow time for the actor to respond
by making sure each step is measurable and writing in breaks is
the best way of writing an instruction. For example, you could write step back and
look at the whole table, is it flat? If not, then something happens. Avoid the word always in
an imperative statement. Enumerate each step to avoid ambiguity and
ensure the correct order of presentation. Instructions must be about how to do
a real, tangible, physical action. It's hard to write or perform
an instruction for something you think, or pretend, or believe. Use the imperative form for
technical, scientific, engineering or other mechanical process,
try to have an image for each step. This could be a photo, drawing or sketch. Make sure it's large enough to see exactly
what's happening without fingers or tools being in the way. Begin this step with an action verb, being
something is not something you can do. Neither is get someone else to,
it must be something you do yourself. Avoid verbose language. For each step add a sentence or phrase so the actor can judge if he or
she has performed the step correctly. For example, look for
the screw on the bottom side of the shelf, or notice the icon has now turned red. Include only one or
two sentences in each step, each step must be done in a single
motion or a thought process. Instructions are not prohibitions,
they tell you how to do something you want to do,
not what is prohibited. Instructions can be considered legal
documents, people follow them, and trust they will not be harmed or killed. Write any dangers clearly at the top,
especially for chemicals, machinery, biological
hazards or environmental hazards.

دانلود با کیفیت بالا
دانلود با حجم کم