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Virtually anyone working in
engineering and the sciences will be tasked in one fashion or another
with producing a laboratory report. This document presents information that
relates to the controlled testing of a hypothesis, theory, or
device using test equipment and a specified series of steps employed
to perform the test, or the procedure. The emphasis in the laboratory report
is on documenting the design and conduct of the test. How the variables were controlled and
what the resulting data showed. In this purest form, a laboratory
report is a research-oriented document, meaning that it starts
with a hypothesis or theory that needs to be applied and
tested under highly controlled conditions. For example,
suppose you are an astronauts engineer hypothesizing that your new wind
design could be used to generate high lift at hypersonic speeds
with increased flight stability. To test that hypothesis in a laboratory
you would need an apparatus. In this case a hypersonic wind tunnel and
the model of your wind design. You would also need a procedure for using that wind tunnel to
test your wind design model. You could then use the procedure to
collect data from the wind tunnel test and interpret the data to see whether
your new wind design generated higher lead with increased stability
under hypersonic conditions. Finally, you could assess whether their
original hypothesis was supported and if so probably recommend
that more research be done. This is an example of a laboratory report. Introduction, start
the introduction by briefly and statically describing
the purpose of the report. Next, provide the reader with enough with
enough information on the problem so that he or she can understand
what the report is about and put the information that
follows in the proper context. Round out the introduction with
a statement of the scope regarding what is being tested and any significant
limitations of these tests. Specify limitations of your report. That is what it will cover and
what it will not cover. For example, your report may be limited
to technical performance of a device or may not include analysis of costs or
marketability. In the background section you should
provide the information necessary for the reader to understand and
appreciate the test report and the findings that will follow. This section should review
any relevant theory and past research that
the reader needs to know. Review significant prior
research that has been done on this topic to establish a baseline for
your research. In this section, describe the physical
apparatus used in the test and the processes or procedures for
doing the testing. The apparatus includes the device
being tested and the equipment used to do the testing, while the procedure
would include the steps in the test. Findings, in this section,
present the data that the tests yielded and
provide an interpretation of this data. Finally, provide your overall conclusions related to the original
purpose of your study. And many other specific recommendations, if possible that you believe
warranted by the results. Provide assessment and recommendations.

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