گزارش امکان سنجی، توصیه و ارزیابی

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This type of report studies a problem or
opportunity and then makes a recommendation. A feasibility report tells
whether a project is feasible, that is whether it is practical and
technologically possible. A recommendation report compares two or
more alternatives and recommends one, or, if necessary, none. An evaluation or assessment report studies
something in terms of its worth or value. Feasibility reports and
recommendation reports are objective documents that identify and
evaluate solutions to problems. In technical writing this reports
address subjects that have well defined parameters,
including a problem or multiple problems, that can be precisely described and
a solution, or multiple solutions, that can be
objectively and empirically tested. Feasibility and recommendation
reports are unbiased evaluations, although their conclusions and
recommendations can be, and frequently are, just to promote ideas,
and sell goods and services. Ideally, however only someone who is totally impartial should
write these reports. The author should have no
stake in the outcome, and should not care whether any or
all of the solutions are adopted. Feasibility reports and
recommendation reports are similar, and the terms are often used synonymously. Both reports define a problem and
objectively evaluate solutions based on the set of criteria,
but with one small difference. Feasibility reports on the one hand,
determine the feasibility or viability of solving your
problem in a particular way. In other words, feasibility reports
consider a single solution to a problem, and determine whether or not, or to what
extent the proposed solution is feasible. Recommendation reports, on the other hand,
look at several approaches for solving your problem, and
recommend the most feasible approach. Both feasibility and recommendation
reports then basically do the same thing, they objectively evaluate
the feasibility of solutions. You need to do several things when
writing either a recommendation or a feasibility report, define
the problem that needs to be solved. The difficulty here is that we
are often solution oriented, in many cases we skip the problem and
go directly to the solution. Suppose a friend came to you and said, I have a problem I need to buy a computer,
but I do not know which one to purchase. The main problem your friend has is
that he or she does not have a problem. I need to buy a computer states
a solution, not a problem. To come up with candidate solutions, you would have to know what your
friend needs a computer to do. Feasibility and
recommendation reports work the same way, you cannot evaluate a solution to
a problem that is not clearly defined. So you need to identify one or
more candidate solutions. This process can be tough, sometimes many more solutions exist than you will
have the time or capability to evaluate. If you need a computer to surf the
internet, how many choices do you have? This is almost like asking how many
stars are there in the Milky Way galaxy? Coming out with just a few viable
solutions can be challenging. Normally, we can apply additional
requirements to the existing problem that will allow you to narrow the list. Maybe he will buy only from an approval,
local vendor. Or you will shop only within
a five minute radius of your home. Or you will consider using only
a certain catalog that gives you an idea of where and
how or what to buy. Develop a set of criteria by
which to objectively evaluate the candidate solution or solutions,
the key here is objective. Find meaningful measures that relate
to the problem you have defined, and identify valid methods for
applying them. For example, when looking for
a computer to surf the internet, you might use criteria such as cost,
processor speed, monitor size and quality,
readability and warranty, bundled software and included peripherals. These can be objectively described and
measured. The attractiveness of the case would
not be a good criteria, because computer case attractiveness cannot easily
be objectively described and measured. Collect and interpret data for each criterion as it relates
to each candidate solution. One thing that might be decided is how to
weigh the importance of each criterion. Sometimes the criteria
can be weighed equally, but in many studies some
criteria are more important, and need to count more in the final decision. For example, what if you wanted a computer
to surf the internet using a satellite link, from the back of an all-terrain
vehicle, deep in the mountains? In this case, reliability and maintainability might be far more
important than say, processor speed. However, if you plan to use
the computer to do serious number crunching in the office,
processor speed would be more important. Draw conclusions and make recommendations
regarding the feasibility of the candidate solutions
based on your interpretations. The primary requirements here
are objectivity and clear thinking. Look in the interpretations you
have made for each criterion and consider the relative
weighing of the criteria. Also, always base your
conclusions on this information. Never on other information or considerations that are not
fully treated in the report. Both feasibility and
recommendation reports are organized and written in the same,
straight forward, logical manner.

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