Web of Science: ابزاری برای کشف اطلاعات

 
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Hello, my name is Valentin Bogorov and
I am the head of the Education Program for the Russia/ES Region for
Clarivate Analytics. Clarivate Analytics is the name of our
company, but most of the users from around the world know us better is the IP &
Science business of Thomson Reuters. In the end of the last year, we became an independent company
called Clarivate Analytics. And today I want to talk about
our major information resource, the Web of Science platform. And our core database, which is located
on the Web of Science platform. That's the Web of Science Core Collection. And that's the tool which the engineers,
technical specialists, and scientists use all around the world for
the information discovery. Now, why using such tools is critical? It's important to understand that in order
to write a quality technical report, or any other kind of text,
you first need to accurately and effectively process all the information
needed for your writing. And it's not an easy or try task. We live in the world which is
engulfed by the information. We live in a true information explosion. Every year, over one and a half million
of academic articles are published. Over 5 million papers
are presented at the conferences. Over 2 million patents are registered
in various countries around the world. So we're literally drowned
in the sea of information. And that's why it's very
important to use the tools which allow us to filter this information and
to find quickly and efficiently the information
which you need for your work. And one of the best tools
to use in this process is the citation databases. The Web of Science is the first and
foremost of those citation databases. It was invented by the great
American scholar, Eugene Garfield. It was created by him first
in the middle of the 1960s. And it was the first citation database
of scholarly and technical literature. What does citation database mean? It means that this database
captures all the references for all academic articles,
which are located in this database. Therefore, we can use the citation
connections in order to find the links between various documents. So it allows for quick and efficient searches,
because it's a true citation database. Another characteristic of
the Web of Science is that it's a highly selective database. There are, perhaps, over 100,000 of
academic journals published in various countries around the world. Those journals are of different quality. There is a relatively small
group of the most authoritative journals which contain
the bulk of the information, which determines the development of their
scientific and technological fields. So the goal of the Web of Science is
to find and index these journals. The journals which form the core of the
publication fields in their disciplines. Today, about 17,000 journals from all
around the world have been selected for the indexation in the Web of
Science Core Collection database. Therefore, when you work
with the Web of Science, you know that you work with information
which has been already pre-selected and you work with quality information. That's why working with
this database is different compared with doing the information
searches simply over the Internet, where you find the information
of very different quality. How are the journals selected? They selected by the special editorial. It's located in Philadelphia in
the United States, and this editorial carefully selects academic and
technical journals on a set of criteria. It's a fairly complicated process. Over 4,000 journals apply for indexation
in the Web of Science database every year. And a relatively small percentage of those
journals are selected for the coverage. I also want to say that the Web of Science
Core Collection is located on a broader information platform which is
also called Web of Science. And there is a number of other specialized
databases located on this platform, many of which contain special
technical information. Some of them are very well known,
such as the Inspec Database and the Derwent Innovation Index. And in this course, we'll talk more specifically about the
Derwent Innovation Index since it includes the patent information which is of
crucial importance for technical writing. However, right now I will
talk about our core database, the Web of Science Core Collection. It's a subscription database. So it's available to you if
your research institution or your university or your corporation
has a subscription for it. If your organization is subscribed for
the Web of Science database or any databases on the Web of Science
platform, you can access it simply by typing in your browser
webofscience.com. And then you will immediately get
access to the Web of Science platform where you can find the Web of
Science Core Collection database. It's a true global tool. Over seven and a half thousand of
the premiere research institutions and universities and
corporations heavily involved in R&D activities from all around
the world are our subscribers. It has interfaces available
in several major languages. Obviously in English, but
the Web of Science platform also has interfaces in Chinese, Japanese, Korean,
Spanish, Portuguese, and Russian. So I hope you can find a language you are the most comfortable to work
with the Web of Science database. The Web of Science also has
an enormously deep archive of scientific and technical information. There are some scientific periodicals
which are indexed in the Web of Science database starting from
the end of the 19th century. So before you work with the database,
please check the time period of which the subscription
is available at your institution. And you can do it at the bottom of
the starting page in the Web of Science. So in the next episode,
I will talk more specifically about the searches which we can
perform in the database.

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