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Why I'm her detective Wonk? >> Well, I'm investigating a kidnapping. A very important person is missing you were last seen near Judy's office,
what were you doing there Emily? >> I didn't go inside Judy's office. I walked past her office
to the coffee machine. Did you see anyone else there? >> Yes, I saw a woman. The woman was wearing a purple dress. >> Purple. Are you sure? >> Yes, the woman who I saw
was wearing a purple dress. >> In this crime story, you will hear many
adjective clauses with object pronouns. For people, we have four options,
who, whom, that, and nothing. Let's start at the beginning. The main parts of a sentence
are the subject, verb, and object. To identify them, it might be easiest
to find the verb phrase first. Emily saw a woman. What is the verb? Saw. Everything after the verb phrase
is loosely called the object. In this case, it's a woman. For people as an object of an adjective
clause, we have these four options. What do we know about this woman? Well, she was wearing a purple dress. We can combine these two ideas together. We replace the object,
a woman, with a pronoun. The woman who Emily saw was
wearing a purple dress. The whom Emily saw was
wearing a purple dress. The woman that Emily saw
was wearing a purple dress. The woman that Emily saw
was wearing a purple dress. Of these four options,
whom is the most formal. It is more commonly used in academic and professional writing,
not often used in casual conversation. Let's take a look at
the new sentence structure. What is the main verb phrase? The main verb phrase is, was wearing. Remember, an adjective clause
is a dependent clause, it is attached to the original noun,
like an arm to your body. In this case,
the original noun is the woman. The subject of this sentence
becomes the woman that Emily saw, the main verb is was wearing, and
the main object is a purple dress. >> She had a purse. The purse was big. The purse that she had was very big. Tell me more about it. >> She was carrying an orange purse. It looked heavy. >> Are you sure? >> Yes, the orange purse,
which she was carrying, looked heavy. >> For things, we only have three options,
which, that, and nothing. Again, the main parts of a sentence
are the subject, verb, and object. The woman had an orange purse. The verb is had. The object is an orange purse. For things as the object of an adjective
clause, we have these three options. What else do we know
about this orange purse? The orange purse looked heavy. Let's combine these two sentences
together by replacing the object, an orange purse with a pronoun. The orange purse which
she had looked heavy. The orange purse that
she had looked heavy. The orange purse she had looked heavy. Of these three options,
which is the most formal? It is more often used in
writing than in conversation. Look at the sentence structure. What is the main verb? Looked is the main verb. Had is a dependent verb
that is attached to she, which is attached to the original noun,
the orange purse. The subject is now the orange purse
that she had, the main verb is looked, and the object is heavy. So, the purse she was carrying
was orange and heavy. Is that correct? >> Yes. >> Liar. No woman in a purple dress
would carry an orange purse. I need to hear the truth. Tell me the truth. Tell me the truth that I need to hear. >> All right. All right. I took cheerleader Peter. I kidnapped cheerleader Peter. I love him too. I kidnapped the man I loved. >> I knew it. I knew it. >> Let's review. Detective Wong said I
need to hear the truth. Tell me the truth. The truth is a thing, an abstract idea. Using the second sentence
as a main clause, Detective Wong turned the first
sentence into an adjective clause. For a thing,
what are the three ways to do this? Tell me the truth which I need to hear. Tell me the truth that I need to hear. Tell me the truth I need to hear. Emily confessed, I love the man,
Cheerleader Peter. I kidnapped him. Emily put this adjective
clause into this main clause. For a person,
what are the four ways to do this? I kidnapped the man who I love. I kidnapped the man whom I love. I kidnapped the man that I love. I kidnapped the man I love. >> Thank you so much for your good work. >> You're welcome. >> I missed you, cheerleader Peter. I missed you cheering me on as I work. Are you happy to be back?

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