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[MUSIC] When we speak and use verbs, there's
always a point of view for each action. There's always a subject, such as, I,
you, she, he, it, we, y'all, or they. These are called subject pronouns. And they're classified
as either being first, second or third person,
singular or plural. In English,
only the third person singular forms, he, she display what we call gender. Gender markings are much more prevalent in Spanish, as we're going to see right away. So for the first person, in English
we say, I for the singular form. In Spanish, it's yo which comes
from the Latin word ego, ego, yo. But for the plural, we have nosotros for
a group of men, or a mixed group, and we also have nosotras for
a group of women, meaning we. So we have the forms yo and
then nosotros/nosotras. For the second person,
it's a little bit more complicated because there are informal forms and
there are formal forms. So to say you in Spanish,
you use the word tú if it's informal. You use the word usted if it's formal. And for the y'all form, you use the form vosotros for a mixed group, or men. And you use the form vosotras for
a group of women, y'all. This form is especially used in Spain. But most of Latin America uses
a formal word, which is ustedes. Now for the third person, you have,
in the singular, he or she, él and ella. For the plural, they, if it's a mixed
group or a group of men, ellos. If it's a group of women, ellas. Now be advised there's a little wrinkle
with the usted form and the ustedes form. We've already said that it's
the second person, you and you all. But these forms, these words,
usted and ustedes, they go with verb forms
that are third person. We're going to do lots of practice.

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