[MUSIC] Ser is a verb that links nouns and adjectives that refer to defining characteristics. Let's look at some examples. Soy médico; usted es profesor. I'm a doctor, but you are a professor. Merida es una ciudad. Merida is a city. El clima es duro por el calor. The climate is very hard because of the heat. El centro es grande. The center part is very large. Dianeli es inteligente. Danieli is intelligent. Ella es joven. She is young. La comida regional es muy rica. The regional food here is very good-tasting. Los yucatecos son muy corteses. The people from the Yucatan are very courteous. Ojo, remember that the formal second person forms usted and ustedes are paired with the third person verbal endings. Now let's look at estar, it also means to be, just like ser, but it's used differently. It usually links adverbs and adjectives that refer to either relative locations or changing states, changing characteristics. Let's look at some examples. Estoy en Merida; estas en California. I'm in Merida; you're in California. La plaza esta en el centro urbano. The plaza is located in the urban center. Dianeli esta muy bonita. Dianeli is all dressed up, looking very nice. Este helado esta rico. This ice cream that I'm eating right now tastes really good. El trafico esta horrible ahora; luego no hay nada. The traffic right now is
terrible; later there's nothing. Dianeli no esta enferma, pero tiene alergias. Dianeli isn't sick, but she does have allergies.