بیان پیشنهاد با افعال کمکی

 
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Giving advice with the modal verb should,
ought to and had better. [SOUND]
>> It's Joe. >> Yeah? What did he say? >> He said, see you at
the restaurant in an hour, what? The restaurant? No, my gosh. I completely forgot. Today's our anniversary. We're going to Gary's Steakhouse
in an hour at 7 o'clock. I'm not even ready,
I don't even have a gift. What am I going to do? How am I going to buy a gift, wrap it,
and make it to the restaurant by seven? [SOUND]
>> Poor Emily, she needs our help. Where is the best place for
Emily to buy a gift, at the city park, a drugstore, a shopping mall,
or a supermarket? I'm thinking a shopping mall. There are many stores and
lots of presents to choose from. Which way sounds more friendly? I'm telling you to go to the mall, or,
it's a good idea to go to the mall. The first way is a command. It may sound bossy to tell
someone to do something. The second way, say that's a good idea,
sounds more friendly. There are three main advice modals. Should. She should buy a gift at the mall. Ought to. She ought to buy a gift at the mall. Had better. She'd better buy a gift at the mall. The first way, should, is the most common. It can be used in any situation from
informal conversations with friends to formal academic and
professional writing. The second way, ought to,
is used in conversations. It is not often used in academic and
professional writing. Because ought to is informal style,
ought to is often reduced to otta. She otta buy a gift at the mall. The third way is had better. That d stands for had. She had better buy a gift at the mall. In conversation,
we often contract it to she'd better. She'd better buy a gift at the mall. This last one, had better, is the
strongest of these three advice modals. There's a sense of danger, like something
bad will happen if you don't follow this advice, for example,
maybe the mall will close very soon. Emily had better buy a gift
at the mall before it closes. If she doesn't reach
the mall before it closes, she will not be able
to buy a gift in time. In my conversation with Emily,
it is almost 6 o'clock. Do you remember what time she
needs to be at the restaurant? She needs to be at
the restaurant at 7 o'clock. That gives her an hour,
not very much time for shopping. She should not spend too
much time at the mall. This is an example of using an advice
modal in its negative form, should, would not. Should not can be contracted to shouldn't. She shouldn't spend too
much time at the mall. In American English we do
not use ought to with not. With not, we will use should or
have better. For example, she had better not
spend too much time at the mall. Had can be shortened, contracted, she'd better not spend too
much time at the mall. Don't worry, I have an idea. >> Okay? >> Well you don't have much time, so
you'd definitely better not drive too far. >> All right, where should I go? >> You ought to try the Irvine Mall. It's on the way to the restaurant, and
there are lots of stores over there. >> Okay, okay. >> And
maybe you should get a gift receipt too. That way, if he doesn't like the present,
he could easily return it. >> Great idea.
Thank you so much Judy. I'd better go now if I
want to make it on time. Bye. >> Have fun. >> Thanks. >> Let's review. There are three advice modals. Should, ought to, and had better. Which one is the strongest? Remember, had better has a sense
of urgency, of emergency, like something bad will happen
if you don't follow this advice. Notice, not is common with should and
had better. The negative is not commonly
used with ought to. Finally to,
ought is always followed by to. There is no to with should and had better. Well I better go now, I ought to call
Emily and see how her date went, talk to you later.

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