A Review on Collocations.
Hi, my name is Vera, and I was born in the United States.
My father, on the other hand, was not born here.
He moved here, not knowing any English, and slowly learned English, over the years.
Sometimes, when I talk to him, he would use some strange English.
For example, he would say things like, wow, that girl has a shiny smile.
Don't drive crazily!
You may have a car accident.
Can you open the lights?
I can't see.
That man's singing is very amazing!
I hate cleaning the laundry.
I always told him, dad you're saying it wrong.
It should be, wow, that girl has a bright smile.
Don't drive recklessly, you may end up in a car accident.
Can you turn on the lights?
I can't see.
That man's singing is truly amazing.
I hate doing the laundry.
He would say, so confusing and it is.
And this is my introduction of collocations,
collocations are words that frequently go together.
A native speaker would not say someone has a shiny smile.
He would say that the girl has a bright smile.
When we describe a smile, there are specific words to use.
This is true for the rest of the examples There are many different types of collocations. I will highlight the more common combinations with some examples in the table.
We have Adjective + Noun, Noun + Noun, Noun + Verb.
Then we have Adverb + Adjective Verb + Preposition, also known as Phrasal verbs.
Verb + Adverb and Verb + Noun.
As you can see from the examples, the underlined words go together.
There is no fixed rule based on the form or the meaning.
To a native English speaker, they just think, yeah, it sounds right.
This way of thinking is a challenge for non natives speakers.
The next videos will reviews some of the common errors.