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[MUSIC PLAYING] SPEAKER: Today we're going to learn how to synthesize information from lectures. First of all, whenever you are listening to multiple lectures on the same topic, you should organize your notes in a way that will clearly reveal how the information is similar or different. One way to do this is to use a T-chart. A T-chart looks like this. It puts the information from two lectures side by side so that you can easily compare them. Let's imagine you have just listened to two lectures on video games. Take a look at this T-chart. It contains notes from each lecture. Do you see any information from these lectures that is similar? How about some contradictory information? What's the overall attitude toward video games in each lecture? As we look at these notes, we can see that each lecture mentioned that video games relieve stress. However, the similarities seem to end there. There is a lot of contradictory information. Lecture two seems to be overwhelmingly positive about video game use while lecture one gives some negative side effects of video game use. Another strategy you can use to synthesize information is to ask yourself the following questions after you've listened to the second lecture. Question one, how is lecture two similar or different from lecture one? As I already mentioned, they have one piece of information that's similar. However, the other pieces are very different. Question two, does lecture two provide any additional information that was not provided in lecture one? In other words, does it add any new information that you didn't already know? Well, yes. We can see that lecture two, focusing on the positive, mentions that video games are great teaching tools and they show improved concentration and memory by people who play video games.  Question three, does it present a different opinion from what I already heard about the topic in lecture one? And yes. We've got very different opinions. As I mentioned, lecture two is overwhelmingly positive while the first lecture
showed the negative side. Finally question four, does lecture two add new examples or details which the other speaker did not give? And yes. We can see that there are several details that were not mentioned at all in lecture one. 
For your first listening practice this week, you watched a lecture about the harmful effects of video games. Next you will watch a lecture with a contrasting opinion of video games. As you are listening, take careful notes and begin to use the synthesizing questions to make connections between the two lectures.

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